• Maria KIHLSTEDT (Paris 10-Nanterre)
    L'emploi de l'imparfait par des locuteurs suédophones et des locuteurs natifs
    (The use of the past tense in French by suedophones and French native speakers)
    2002, Vol. VII-2, pp. 7-16

    This study investigates the acquisition of the imparfait by advanced Swedish learners of French. Their use of the imparfait is compared to that of some native speakers in an interview task. The analysis is based on the relationship between Event Time and Reference Time in different values expressed by the imparfait. It is shown that the learners prefer the imparfait for situations where the actual time of the event (Event Time) completely overlaps with the time spoken about (Reference Time). Situations that imply a distance between the two time spans are only expressed in the imparfait by the most advanced learner and by the native speakers. On the basis of this result, an implicational scale for the acquisition of the contextual values of the imparfait at advanced stages is suggested.


  • Colette NOYAU & Maria KIHLSTEDT (Paris 10-Nanterre / Paris 10-Nanterre)
    Acquisition des langues, Recherches récentes sur les locuteurs en action et les processus de traitement de la langue dans l'activité textuelle
    (Language acquisition. Recent research on speakers in processing language texts)
    2002, Vol. VII-2, pp. 5-6