Conversation Analysis

  • Evelyne BERGER (Université de Neuchâtel)
    L’accomplissement interactionnel de la racontabilité : une étude des ouvertures de récits
    2017, Vol. XXII-2, pp. 89-107

    This article explores storytelling practices in French ordinary conversations. While storytelling has been a prolific object of investigation across human and social sciences, our focus here is on the contribution of Conversation Analysis. This line of work has shown how storytellings are interactionnally produced through the speakers and recipients turn-by-turn adjustments. After an overview of the main findings of CA research on storytelling, we present a study of story-openings. The study examines the use of informings as a resource for projecting a storytelling to various extents. The study shows that the tellworthiness of a story-to-be is interactionally established through the design features of the informing and the recipient’s verbal and non-verbal displays of alignment and affiliation.

  • Esther GONZÁLEZ-MARTÍNEZ (Université de Fribourg)
    The opening sequence of nurse-porter hospital telephone calls
    2017, Vol. XXII-2, pp. 165-183

    This article addresses the organisation of the openings of telephone calls between nurses and porters at an acute-care hospital in French-speaking Switzerland. Initiated by the nurse, the calls are very brief and focus on the activity of producing and managing a transportation request. They have characteristics in common with service or assistance-request calls, which have been extensively studied in conversation analysis literature. In this case, however, the calls involve employees of a single institution who are moreover in regular contact but work in different departments. The article contributes to conversation analysis research on telephone call openings, with observations on the organisation of the summons, the connection and the response, as well as the caller's first turn including the transition into the business of the call.

  • Rasmus PERSSON (Université de Linköping & Université d’York)
    Prosody as a resource for the organisation of interaction: a review and some illustrations
    2017, Vol. XXII-2, pp. 33-52

    This article takes stock of the current state of research on the connections between prosody and the organisation of social interaction. An overview is given of central studies of prosodic and phonetic design and its procedural relevance for interaction, along three lines of inquiry: the management of turns, sequence organisation, and action formation. For each of these issues, illustrative analyses based on French data are also presented.

  • Cécile PETITJEAN (Université de Neuchâtel & Université de Lausanne)
    Current developments in Conversation Analysis and studies examining interactions in French
    2017, Vol. XXII-2, pp. 5-14

    In the introduction to this issue, we address current developments in Conversation Analysis, with special attention paid to the contributions emanating from studies on French data. We first offer a short overview of these developments and then present the contributions to the special issue, thereby identifying some of the challenges addressed by current conversation analytic work, such as how the analysis of social interaction can relate to burning social issues, or if and how Conversation Analysis can be combined with other research paradigms, both conceptually and methodologically.

  • Klara SKOGMYR MARIAN (Université de Neuchâtel)
    The development of second language interactional competence: Theoretical overview and empirical illustrations
    2017, Vol. XXII-2, pp. 127-145

    In this paper we investigate L2 interactional competence and its development over time. We first provide a historical overview of the advancements in L2 acquisition research that originated from a concern with communicative competence and led to the current concern with interactional competence, and discuss the results of existing conversation analytic work on interactional competence. We then present two empirical studies, one focusing on directives and the other on humor in L2 interactions. Based on our findings, we argue that the development of interactional competence implies a diversification of speakers'‘methods’ for accomplishing social actions in the L2, allowing them to increasingly tailor their interactional conduct to their interlocutors and to situational contingencies.